Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law
  • Author : Claus Kreß
  • Release Date : 01 October 2020
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Genre : Law
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN 13 : 9780197537398

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Book Description: Necessity and proportionality hold a firm place in the international law governing the use of force by states, as well as in the law of armed conflict. However, the precise contours of these two requirements are uncertain and controversial. The aim of Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law is to explore how necessity and proportionality manifest themselves in the modern world under the law governing the use of force and the law of armed conflict, and how they relate to each other. The book explores the ways in which necessity and proportionality are applied in practice and addresses pressing legal issues in the law on the use of force, including the controversial "unwilling and unable" test for the use of force in self-defense, drones and targeted killing, the application of this legal regime during civil war, and the need for further transparency in states' justification for the use of force in self-defense. The analysis of the role of military necessity within the law of armed conflict on the modern battlefield focuses on the history and nature of the principle of military necessity, the proper application of the principle of proportionality, how commanders should account for mental harm in calculating proportionality, and the role artificial intelligence and autonomous weapons systems may play in proportionality analysis. The book concludes with a discussion of the potential role of proportionality in the law governing post-conflict contexts.

Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law

Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law

Author : Claus Kreß,Robert Lawless
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Genre : Law
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Necessity and proportionality hold a firm place in the international law governing the use of force by states, as well as in the law of armed conflict. However, the precise contours of these two requirements are uncertain and controversial. The aim of Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security ...

Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law

Necessity and Proportionality in International Peace and Security Law

Author : Claus Kreß,Robert Lawless
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Genre : Law
Get Book

"Necessity and proportionality occupy a firm place in the international law governing the use of force by states. Perhaps most importantly for practical purposes, the exercise of the right of self-defense, as recognized in Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, is subject to the requirements of necessity and proportionality, as ...

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Publisher : Oxford University Press
Genre : Law
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States invariably justify using force extraterritorially by reference to their right of self-defence. In doing so, they accept that the exercise of this right is conditioned by the customary international law requirements of necessity and proportionality. However, these requirements are notorious for being normatively indeterminate and operationally complex. As a ...

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Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Genre : Law
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There has been considerable debate in the international community as to the legality of the forceful actions in Kosovo in 1999, Afghanistan in 2002 and Iraq in 2003 under the United Nations Charter. There has been consensus, however, that the use of force in all these situations had to be both proportional and ...

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Author : Jens David Ohlin,Larry May
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Genre : Law
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This book traces the various uses of the concept of necessity in international law, with the goal of determining whether there is any over-arching unity to these uses across the sub-disciplines of international law. The authors not only discuss necessity in international humanitarian law (IHL)and jus in bello, but ...

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Publisher : Routledge
Genre : Law
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This book proposes a normative framework specifically designed for the complex and legally uncertain time period between armed conflicts and peace. As such, it contributes both to the furthering of a jus post bellum framework, and to enhanced legal clarity in complex and legally uncertain environments. This, in turn, contributes ...

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Author : Michael A. Newton,Larry May
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Genre : Law
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Proportionality is intimately linked to the overarching concepts of self-defense, lawful force, and the controlled application of violence. It is one of the most visible facets of humanitarian law designed to reduce unnecessary human suffering and avoid excessive damage to property, and the natural environment. However, its application has come ...

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Author : Christine Chinkin,Mary Kaldor
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
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Publisher : BRILL
Genre : Law
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This volume addresses the question as to where international law fits into the making and implementation of foreign policy during an international crisis in which a State is considering and / or may actually use force. Empirical literature on the law-State behaviour relationship during international crises has not been able to ...