Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death
  • Author : National Research Council
  • Release Date : 24 February 2015
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Genre : Social Science
  • Pages : 74
  • ISBN 13 : 9780309367097

Download Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death eBook in PDF, Epub and Kindle

Book Description: Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death is the summary of two workshops conducted by The Committee on Population of the National Research Council at the National Academies to address the data sources, science and future research needs to understand the causes of premature mortality in the United States. The workshops reviewed previous work in the field in light of new data generated as part of the work of the NRC Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries (NRC, 2011) and the NRC/IOM Panel on Understanding Cross-National Differences Among High-Income Countries (NRC/IOM, 2013). The workshop presentations considered the state of the science of measuring the determinants of the causes of premature death, assessed the availability and quality of data sources, and charted future courses of action to improve the understanding of the causes of premature death. Presenters shared their approaches to and results of measuring premature mortality and specific risk factors, with a particular focus on those factors most amenable to improvement through public health policy. This report summarizes the presentations and discussion of both workshops.

Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death

Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death

Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Social Science
Get Book

Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death is the summary of two workshops conducted by The Committee on Population of the National Research Council at the National Academies to address the data sources, science and future research needs to understand the causes of premature mortality in the United States. ...

The Global Burden of Disease

The Global Burden of Disease

Author : Harvard School of Public Health,World Health Organization,World Bank
Publisher : Harvard Sch of Public Health
Genre : Health & Fitness
Get Book

The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) provides systematic epidemiological estimates for an unprecedented 150 major health conditions. The GBD provides indispensable global and regional data for health planning, research, and education....

Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High Income Countries

Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High Income Countries

Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Social Science
Get Book

During the last 25 years, life expectancy at age 50 in the United States has been rising, but at a slower pace than in many other high-income countries, such as Japan and Australia. This difference is particularly notable given that the United States spends more on health care than any other nation. ...

U S  Health in International Perspective

U S Health in International Perspective

Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Social Science
Get Book

The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income ...

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors

Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors

Author : Alan D. Lopez
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Genre : Medical
Get Book

Strategic health planning, the cornerstone of initiatives designed to achieve health improvement goals around the world, requires an understanding of the comparative burden of diseases and injuries, their corresponding risk factors and the likely effects of invervention options. The Global Burden of Disease framework, originally published in 1990, has been widely ...

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults

Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Health and Medical Dimensions of Social Isolation and Loneliness in Older Adults
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Social Science
Get Book

Social isolation and loneliness are serious yet underappreciated public health risks that affect a significant portion of the older adult population. Approximately one-quarter of community-dwelling Americans aged 65 and older are considered to be socially isolated, and a significant proportion of adults in the United States report feeling lonely. People who ...

Premature Death in the New Independent States

Premature Death in the New Independent States

Author : Costello CA Bobadilla JL (Mitchell F, editors),National Research Council,National Research Council (US).,José Luis Bobadilla,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Christine A. Costello,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Faith Mitchell,National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Population,Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Commission,Population Committee,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Staff,National Research Council (U.S) Staff
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Medical
Get Book

This volume includes an overview and revised versions of 13 of the papers that were presented; the workshop agendas are presented as appendices. The volume is organized in two parts. The first deals with the magnitude, trends, and causes of premature death, while the second addresses the proximate determinants of the ...

Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction and Economic Benefits from Controlling Ozone Air Pollution

Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction and Economic Benefits from Controlling Ozone Air Pollution

Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Estimating Mortality Risk Reduction Benefits from Decreasing Tropospheric Ozone Exposure
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Nature
Get Book

In light of recent evidence on the relationship of ozone to mortality and questions about its implications for benefit analysis, the Environmental Protection Agency asked the National Research Council to establish a committee of experts to evaluate independently the contributions of recent epidemiologic studies to understanding the size of the ...

International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages

International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages

Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Social Science
Get Book

In 1950 men and women in the United States had a combined life expectancy of 68.9 years, the 12th highest life expectancy at birth in the world. Today, life expectancy is up to 79.2 years, yet the country is now 28th on the list, behind the United Kingdom, Korea, Canada, and France, among ...

Preterm Birth

Preterm Birth

Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Medical
Get Book

The increasing prevalence of preterm birth in the United States is a complex public health problem that requires multifaceted solutions. Preterm birth is a cluster of problems with a set of overlapping factors of influence. Its causes may include individual-level behavioral and psychosocial factors, sociodemographic and neighborhood characteristics, environmental exposure, ...

Physical Activity and Cancer

Physical Activity and Cancer

Author : Kerry S. Courneya,Christine M. Friedenreich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Genre : Medical
Get Book

This book explores in depth the relation between physical activity and cancer control, including primary prevention, coping with treatments, recovery after treatments, long-term survivorship, secondary prevention, and survival. The first part of the book presents the most recent research on the impact of physical activity in preventing a range of ...

The Global Burden of Disease

The Global Burden of Disease

Author : Colin Mathers,World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Genre : Medical
Get Book

The global burden of disease: 2004 update is a comprehensive assessment of the health of the world's population. It provides detailed global and regional estimates of premature mortality, disability and loss of health for 135 causes by age and sex, drawing on extensive WHO databases and on information provided by Member States....

The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century

The Future of the Public s Health in the 21st Century

Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Committee on Assuring the Health of the Public in the 21st Century
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Medical
Get Book

The anthrax incidents following the 9/11 terrorist attacks put the spotlight on the nation's public health agencies, placing it under an unprecedented scrutiny that added new dimensions to the complex issues considered in this report. The Future of the Public's Health in the 21st Century reaffirms the vision of Healthy People 2010, ...

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World

Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Medical
Get Book

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), once thought to be confined primarily to industrialized nations, has emerged as a major health threat in developing countries. Cardiovascular disease now accounts for nearly 30 percent of deaths in low and middle income countries each year, and is accompanied by significant economic repercussions. Yet most governments, global ...